But another major group that tackles food
problems around the world, the United Nations World Food Programme
(WFP), now disapproves of this tactic [a child dies every X seconds].
"There's a real temptation to use those kinds of statistics
because they really do grab the headlines - you can't ignore that
because it's such a horrifying image," says Jane Howard, from the WFP.
But, she says, it is "a bit misleading". ...
... she argues, "the science is actually saying something quite different".
So what is the science saying? Well, if, to you, the claim
that one child is dying every 10 seconds because of hunger conjures up
images of starving children, you might be surprised.
In most cases, that's not what's happening.
"There are certainly extreme circumstances where children
starve to death - and I'm thinking of the recent famine in parts of
Somalia," Howard says.
"But the truth is that the vast majority of those numbers
that we're talking about, are children who, because they haven't had the
right nutrition in the very earliest parts of their lives, are really
very susceptible to infectious diseases, like measles.
"A child that's had good nutrition would just
shrug it off, but for a child that's really fragile and has a
compromised immune system it becomes really life threatening."
The If campaign highlights an important issue, but is it
wrong to use the word "hunger" if it might inaccurately suggest children
are starving to death? ...
... The fact that poor nutrition is identified as an underlying cause of
death means that there's also some double counting going on. When you
hear that one child dies every few seconds from water-related diseases,
for example- or from poverty - some of these children will be the same
ones that are said to be dying every few seconds from hunger.
Another surprise is to discover who these children are and
that they are often not even, as the adverts sometimes put it, "going to
Most of the nutrition-related deaths are in countries that
are not suffering from famine or conflict, according to Professor Robert
Black of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in the
United States, who calculated the three million figure that the
10-seconds statistic is based on.
"These are not the poorest countries in the world. They are
countries such as India or Nigeria or many other countries in Asia or
Africa that really could do better - that have the resources to feed
children within the country.
"Certainly the poorest have the greatest problems with
undernutrition, but even then there might be sufficient food to feed
children. The difficulty is achieving a high enough quality diet - a
diet that is dominated by cereals or starches would not be a high enough
quality diet to achieve the nutrition that's needed in the first two
years of life."
In most cases, the problem could be resolved through nutrition education, Black says. ...
... In some cultures, women don't get to eat the best food in the
household, which can mean children are born underweight. Milk and meat
may also be avoided for cultural reasons, as they are in parts of India
for example. And sometimes it's just not fully appreciated how important
fruit and vegetables are.
A quarter of the deaths can be attributed to inadequate breast-feeding,
Professor Black estimates, -with many families not realising that, up to
six months of age, babies need to be exclusively fed on breast milk for
the nutrients it provides, but also because it protects them from
exposure to contaminated food. ...
A top economist shares the astounding news about that little picture hanging on our refrigerator. ...
... We can't yet establish a clear causal link between the increased levels
of hopefulness and aspirations among sponsored children and their
improved adult lives. But the puzzle pieces are beginning to fall into
place: the patient nurturing of self-worth, self-expectations, dreams,
and aspirations may be a critical part of helping children escape
poverty. It is a holistic approach that secular antipoverty initiatives
have largely downplayed, but an approach that Christian development
groups have championed for decades. ...
I recently saw a video where Michael Miller said, "Markets create prosperity but they do not take care of orphans. People do." Amen! And to that it might be added that governments and aid take the edge off material need but they do not transform lives. People do.
Last year, more people who are white and not Hispanic died than were born, the Census Bureau reported Thursday. That group is still the USA’s largest but its share of the total has been shrinking for years.
Earth's human population is expected to coast upward
to 9.6 billion by 2050 and 10.9 billion by 2100, up from 7.2 billion
people alive today, a United Nations agency has projected.
The U.N. Department of Economic and Social Affairs yesterday released
revised numbers for the coming century, raising median estimates for
population growth in 2050 and 2100. The agency's prior best guess had
humanity at 9.3 billion in 2050 and 10.1 billion in 2100. ...
At 2,306 square feet, the typical new home is about 50% larger than its
1973 counterpart while the typical family is 10% smaller and the
typical household 15% smaller. The Census Bureau defines a family as two
or more people living in the same home who are related by birth,
marriage or adoption. A household consists of anyone living in a home
regardless of their relationship.
The population of rural and small-town America contracted over the past
two years for the first time on record as young people left to search
out work in the cities and birth rates fell, according to official data.
of US Census Bureau data by the Department of Agriculture found that
although population growth in America’s rural heartland has risen and
fallen for decades with changes in the US economy, the pace of decline
accelerated in the years 2010-2012. And for the first time, the
so-called “natural increase” in population – total births minus deaths –
was insufficient to offset the loss from those migrating away.
A recent report in Education News
states that, since 1999, the number of children who are homeschooled
has increased by 75%. Though homeschooled children represent only 4% of
all school-age children nationwide, the number of children whose parents
choose to educate them at home rather than a traditional academic
setting is growing seven times faster than the number of children
enrolling in grades K-12 every year.
In 2012, when the average wedding cost was $27,427, the median was
$18,086. In 2011, when the average was $27,021, the median was $16,886.
In Manhattan, where the widely reported average is $76,687, the median
is $55,104. And in Alaska, where the average is $15,504, the median is a
And speaking of weddings, here is an excellent piece on the economics of wedding dresses.
But even when offered paternity leave, studies show most men won’t take it. A 2012 study of
tenured track college professors found that only 12% of fathers took
paid parental leave when it was offered compared with 69% of mothers.
When new dads in the study did take paternity leave, many were still
involved in projects at the office.
According to Change.org, 44% of international petitions among the 100
largest petitions on the site target government corruption. In stark
contrast, none of the petitions among the 100 largest campaigns that
originated in the U.S. focus on corruption.
With more than 5 million people crammed into 274 square miles, commercial land values in Singapore are among the highest in the world. Therefore, the island nation needs to get creative when it comes to growing food in a limited space.
While not strong, the pace has not been any weaker than the pace for wages in the fixed-weighted employment cost index—the ECI. That pattern disproves the widespread impression that mainly “bad” below-average-wage jobs are being created. Average hourly earnings would be declining relative to wages in the ECI if job growth were disproportionately weighted toward below-average-wage jobs.
Consider the Chicago-area Willow Creek Community Church, one of the bigger "brands" in the non-denom world, which just built a new "care center" where those in need can come and "shop" for food, children's clothing, even eyeglasses. It's 60,000 square feet are laid out, according to the Chicago Tribune, "less like a thrift shop or food pantry, and more like an upscale mall, complete with cheery colors, welcoming seating areas and designer lighting," according to the Chicago Tribune. Clients pay something if they are able--$5 to visit the children's "boutique," for example, or a $20 copay for an eye exam.
the Chicago-area Willow Creek Community Church, one of the bigger
"brands" in the non-denom world, which just built a new "care center"
where those in need can come and "shop" for food, children's clothing,
even eyeglasses. It's 60,000 square feet are laid out, according to the
Chicago Tribune, "less like a thrift shop or food pantry, and more like
an upscale mall, complete with cheery colors, welcoming seating areas
and designer lighting," according to the Chicago Tribune. Clients pay
something if they are able--$5 to visit the children's "boutique," for
example, or a $20 copay for an eye exam. - See more at:
Christian Walmart for the poor? Willow Creek's new care center - See
... Consider what Adam Smith states early in
Wealth Of Nations about “self-interest”:
"In civilized society he stands at all times in need of the co–operation and
assistance of great multitudes, while his whole life is scarce sufficient to
gain the friendship of a few persons. In almost every other race of animals
each individual, when it is grown up to maturity, is intirely independent, and
in its natural state has occasion for the assistance of no other living
creature. But man has almost constant occasion for the help of his brethren,
and it is in vain for him to expect it from their benevolence only.6 He will be more likely to prevail if he can
interest their self–love in his favour, and shew them that it is for their own
advantage to do for him what he requires of them. Whoever offers to another a
bargain of any kind, proposes to do this. Give me that which I want, and you
shall have this which you want, is the meaning of every such offer; and it is
in this manner that we obtain from one another the far greater part of those
good offices which we stand in need of. It is not from the benevolence of the
butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their
regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but
to their self–love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their
advantages” (WN I.ii.2: 26-27).
Read the above carefully. To obtain our self-interests of obtaining the ingredients of our dinner (or whatever), we must persuade the “butcher, brewer, and baker” to
supply them to us. Insisting on
our self-interest as imagined by the lonesome image of the Hollywood scriptwriter
would not secure our dinner (or
anything else) for us. We must
persuade them to supply us; not demand they meet our needs. What about their
needs? What do they do? Just say in response: “yes, sir, no
sir, three bags full sir”?
Indeed, Smith underlines that point by insisting that
we must address “their self–love, and never talk to them of our own necessities
but of their advantages”. In
short, we mediate our different self-interests by taking into account the self-interests
of others. This is the exact opposite
of Arturo Cuenllas’s presentation.
An egoistic non-cooperator would soon starve. ...
Yogi Berra once said, "I didn't really say all the things I said." Smith has to be the Yogi Berra of economists. Misunderstanding Adam Smith's ideas about "self-interest" can only be second to misunderstanding his two passing references to an "invisible hand" in The Wealth of Nations.
UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The United Nations forecast Thursday that the
world's population will increase from 7.2 billion today to 8.1 billion
in 2025, with most growth in developing countries and more than half in
Africa. By 2050, it will reach 9.6 billion.
India's population is
expected to surpass China's around 2028 when both countries will have
populations of around 1.45 billion, according to the report on "World
Population Prospects." While India's population is forecast to grow to
around 1.6 billion and then slowly decline to 1.5 billion in 2100,
China's is expected to start decreasing after 2030, possibly falling to
1.1 billion in 2100, it said.
The report found global fertility
rates are falling rapidly, though not nearly fast enough to avoid a
significant population jump over the next decades. In fact, the U.N.
revised its population projection upward since its last report two years
ago, mostly due to higher fertility projections in the countries with
the most children per women. The previous projection had the global
population reaching 9.3 billion people in 2050. ...
"The U.S. Department of Agriculture defines food-insecure homes as those
households that don't regularly have access to enough to eat for an
active, healthy life, and the problem is more pervasive in rural America
than in cities. ..."
... Because here’s something astounding: The amount of food waste produced globally each year is more than enough to feed the nearly 1 billion hungry people in the world.
But does that mean we should stuff ourselves even when we’re full? Nope, that’s not helping anybody. So what’s a pea-hating child-turned-adult to do?
First of all, don’t let the guilt paralyze you. Cutting back on food waste is incredibly easy, and we’ve made it even simpler by putting together 29 tips designed to reduce food waste at the grocery store, at home, and during meals. ...
... Unfortunately, the U.S. is currently one of the largest culprits in this waste-making racket. Some sources estimate Americans trash as much as 40 percent of our food supply every year, and food waste is one of the largest components of solid waste in U.S. landfills. And we’re not just wasting food: All those groceries in the trash add up to almost $165 billion lost annually, not to mention the environmental resources that are wasted on growing food that’s thrown away.
These numbers are so startling that the U.N. has recently begun a new global campaign, Think Eat Save, dedicated to combating food wasted by consumers, retailers, and the hospitality industry. ...